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USDA Texas Hay                                     04/03 10:12
AM_GR310        
Amarillo, TX       Fri Apr 03, 2020    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Hay trades are steady in all regions, except 
the South were trades were firm.  According to the Texas Crop and Weather 
report, good rains last fall filled soil moisture profiles for much of 
the state and set up a good yield potential for Texas farmers.  However, 
in the South precipitation has still been very scarce.  According to the 
US Drought Monitor, hot and dry weather in the Southern and Gulf Coast 
Regions expanded areas of Moderate, Severe, and Extreme Drought across 
the regions last week.  Hay demand in South Texas remains very good with 
prices staying firm as hay supplies continue to shorten.  North, Central, 
and East Texas have received ample amounts of rain which has limited 
fieldwork in the regions.

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is: 
http://www.texasagriculture.gov/Home/ProductionAgriculture/HayHotline.asp
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Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Supreme: 240.00-260.00; Premium: 
210.00-230.00; Good: 175.00-200.00.              
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 260.00-275.00, 8.00-11.00 per 
bale. 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 190.00-200.00. 
                                            Calf 200.00-210.00. 
Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: Good: 120.00-130.00; Fair: 100.00.
      Cotton Burrs: Delivered: limited 95.00-105.00. 
      Small Bales: Coastal: Delivered: Good: 9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Small Bales: Beardless Wheat: Premium: 10.00-11.00 per bale.
      CRP: Delivered: 80.00-125.00.
     
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme:
     275.00-300.00, 9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme: 250.00-265.00. 
      Triticale: Large Rounds: FOB: 65.00 per roll.

North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 255.00-
270.00, instances 280.00.
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Premium: 260.00-330.00, 8.00-
10.00 per bale; Good: 200.00-260.00, 6.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium: 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per 
roll.
         
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium: 260.00-
330.00, 8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good: 165.00-260.00, 5.00-8.00 per 
bale. 
 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium: 140.00-
180.00, 80.00-95.00 per roll; Fair or Grass Mix: 100.00-130.00, 
50.00-60.00 per roll.
   
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.


Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Tess Liles, Market Reporter 806-356-5759
   Tess.liles@usda.gov            
   www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AM_GR310.txt
         
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