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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       02/14 11:10
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Feb 14, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  2300    Last Week:  2325    Last Year:  275    

   Compared last Friday, All grades of Alfalfa and Timothy steady in a light 
test. Trade slow this week and expected to stay slow till new crop. Demand 
moderate. Feed store/retail firm. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions 
other expenses. 

                        Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                      
      Premium/Supreme    100 230.00-230.00 230.00 Del Tarped        
      Premium            300 180.00-180.00 180.00     Export        
                          50 215.00-215.00 215.00     Tarped        
      Fair/Good          800 170.00-175.00 171.25 Del Tarped        

    Small Square                                                    
      Premium            200 240.00-240.00 240.00     Retail/Stable 

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                               
    Small Square                                                    
      Premium            100 260.00-260.00 260.00     Retail/Stable 

  Timothy Grass                                                     
    Mid Square                                                      
      Fair               450 130.00-130.00 130.00 Del Export        
      Utility            300 110.00-110.00 110.00 Del               

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%        
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22          
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22         
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20         
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18         
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16          
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the   
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
0900p   gds   rlc

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